Systems : Private Branch Exchange (PBX)

Systems
The different types of systems used in private telephone networks include key telephone systems (KTS), private branch exchange (PBX), Centrex, and computer telephony integration (CTI). Key telephone and PBX systems often use proprietary specifications. There are several industry standards that are used for computer telephony and LAN telephony system.

Private Branch Exchange (PBX)
PBX systems are small private telephone systems that are used to provide telephone service within a building or group of buildings in a small geographic area. PBX systems contain small switches that use advanced call processing software to provide features such as speed dialing or call transfer. PBX systems connect local PBX telephones (stations) with each other and to the public switched telephone network (PSTN).

While a PBX is similar to a miniature telephone company EO, PBX systems typically offer more features than public telephone system. The primary function of a PBX is to receive call requests (outgoing calls) from telephone stations users as well as routing incoming calls to specific extension.

Figure 1 shows a private branch exchange (PBX) system. This diagram shows a PBX with telephone sets, voice mail system, and trunk connections to PSTN. The PBX switches calls between telephone sets and also provides them switched access to the PSTN. The voice mail depends on the PBX to switch all calls needing access to it along with the appropriate information to process the call.


Figure 1: Private Branch Exchange (PBX)

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