Telecom : Repeaters

Repeaters are devices or circuits that are located between transmitting and receiving devices to improve the quality the signal that is delivered between them. A repeater obtains some or all of the signal from the transmitter, amplifies and may adjust (change a frequency) or filter the signal, and retransmits the signal to the receiver(s).

Repeaters can be analog or digital. Analog repeaters amplify the received signal for retransmission. Analog repeaters amplify both the desired signal and any noise that is added to the communication lines. This limits the maximum number of analog repeaters that can be used and this limits the maximum distance for analog communication lines. Digital repeaters can receive and recreate digital signals. Digital repeaters are also called regenerative repeaters. The regenerative process allows digital signals to be transferred at great distances with minimal errors at the receiving end.

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