Distribution Services

Distribution is the transfer of information throughout a geographic area or through a network. Distribution services include broadcast, multicast, and point-to-point communication.

Broadcast
Broadcast transmission is the distribution of an information signal to a specified geographic area or network system. Broadcasting allows the same information to be received by all customers in that geographic area that can successfully receive (demodulate) and decode the information.

Figure below shows broadcast communication service. This diagram shows two broadcast examples: radio broadcast and network broadcast. Part (a) shows a radio broadcast tower that is sending an audio broadcast to all radios that are within its radio signal coverage area. Part (b) shows a network broadcast system that sends a data message that is coded to indicate the message is a broadcast message. This message contains an address that indicates it is a broadcast message. When routers or other data distribution devices receive this message, each distribution device forwards the data broadcast message to the other network parts for which it is connected to. All communication devices that are connected to the network can receive the broadcast message.


broadcast communication


Multicast
Multicast transmission is a communications service where a single message or information transmission contains an address (code) that is designated for several devices (nodes) in a network. Devices must contain the matching code to successfully forward or decode the message.

Figure below shows examples of how multicast services can be implemented. The first method uses encoded video broadcast transmission and encoded messaging to allow only a select group to view the received information. While all the television broadcast receivers all receive the same radio signal, only the receivers with the correct code will be able to descramble the television signal. The second method uses multicast routing in the Internet to store and forward data to an authorized group of recipients that are connected to its router. When a router in the Internet that is capable of multicast service receives a multicast message, it will store the message for forwarding. It then uses the multicast address to lookup a list of authorized recipients in its routing table. The stored message is then forwarded to the authorized receiving device or next router that is part of the multicast service.



multicast communication


Point-to-Point
Point-to-point communication is the transmission of signals from one specific point to another. Point-to-point communication uses addressing to deliver information to a specific receiver of the information. It is possible to implement point-to-point communication through a broadcast network by using device addressing or through a network using network routing.

Figure below shows examples of how point-to-point services can be implemented. The first method is a paging system that uses device addressing to uniquely identify a specific receiver of the information. While all the pager devices receive the same radio signal, only the receiver that has the correct paging code will be able to descramble the paging message. The second method uses network routing in the Internet to store and forward data to a specific recipient in the network. When a router in the Internet receives a point-to-point message, it will use the address to lookup the best forwarding path to transfer the information towards its destination. Using point-to-point communications by network routing, only the designated recipient will receive the data.


point-to-point communication

1 comment:

Negi said...

Thanks for great information you write it very clean. I am very lucky to get this tips from you


customs brokerage Canada

Telecom Made Simple

Related Posts with Thumbnails